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VAZ 2121 (Niva)

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Author: N1C0L4Y

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Filesize: 3.77 MB

Date added: 2015-04-19

Rating: 5

Downloads: 1601

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Made with: Algodoo v2.1.0

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In the summer of 1970, the Chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers Alexei Kosygin put before the teams VAZ, AZLK and Izhmash task to create a sport utility vehicle with the comfort of mass passenger models. Were prototypes of AZLK-415 and the mark of 416 and Il-14, but these cars were not ready for serial production. The designers of the Volga car factory still under development moved to a promising model for many components and assemblies developed by company "Lada". Another feature was completely "cars" design of the car - in the car, there was nothing specifically "off-road", "field" looked like a normal passenger car. In design was widely used design elements and details of the VAZ-2106, and the interior was almost identical to this model. The result was, as he wrote a Western automobile magazine, "Like "Renault 5" put on the chassis of "the Rover""[citation 517 days].

In 1972 created the first running prototypes of e-2121 (the so-called "media units"), in 1973 it was announced the preparation for serial production.

In 1974 has released the first 15 pre-production samples, and to the XXV Congress of the CPSU in March 1976 was made a second batch of 50 machines[2][3].

These cars have undergone a full cycle of tests, including a run to the Urals and CIS-Urals. For comparison with models competing specialists have used the British Land Rover and Range Rover, as well as the UAZ-469. To evaluate ride quality of "Field" combined "passenger" and "off-road" testing program. The order of the formulation vehicle on the pipeline was signed on 31 July 1975.

The first production model of VAZ-2121 off the line Vase 5 April 1977. Shortly after the launch of pipeline the production plan on a four-wheel drive vehicle has increased from 25,000 cars a year to 50 000 cars, and more - up to 70 000 units. And soon, about 80% of the produced cars were exported ("field" became the only Soviet car, which was sold in Japan).
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